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Borjomi

Borjomi is a resort town in south-central Georgia with a population estimated at 14,445. It is one of the districts of the Samtskhe-Javakheti region and is situated in the northwestern part of the region in the picturesque Borjomi Gorge on the eastern edge of the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park. The town is famous for its mineral water industry.


Romanov’s Palace
 
The Summer Residence Of  the Legendary Dynasty Romanov's Palace, also known  as Likani Palace, is amazingly beautiful example of architecture located in Likani, close vicinity of Borjomi.  The palace design was developed by Leon Benoit; the construction took 3 years, and was completed in 1895. Since then this place on the bank of Mtkvari River served as a summer holiday residence for Russian Royal family headed by the Grand Duke Nicholai Mikhailovich.
 
General architectural style of the Palace is described as Mauritian, with each of the sides of the villa having a different form and shape. The major feature of this type of architecture is that the European (mostly French) design is adopted to suit humid climate, and include elements that are made to keep residents cool and dry. The Romanov's Palace in Borjomi houses a unique collection of different Royal antiques such as a table that was presented to Romanov's by French emperor Napoleon, a chair presented by Iranian Sheikh, historical table assembled personally by Pyotr the First from nut tree roots, the billiard table, Russian oven with the images of different animals of Borjomi gorge and etc.



Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park

Covering more than 85,000 hectares of native forest and alpine meadows, the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park is a protected area located 160 kilometres from the nation’s capital of Tbilisi in the central part of Georgia that includes 3 regions: Imereti, Samtskhe-Javakheti and Shida Kartli. One of the largest national parks in Georgia, it includes six administrative districts stretching from the resort of Borjomi to the town of Kharagauli. Together with adjacent Borjomi Nature Reserve, the total area is 851 square kilometres, more than 1 percent of the total territory of Georgia. 



Timotesubani Monastery 

Timotesubani Monastery - the Cathedral of Holy Virgin is a cross-cupola church built in 12-13th c. The interior of the church is decorated with the best examples of the Georgian mural painting of 13th c. The name of its architect as well as the name of the painter is unknown. Originally the church had a blue roof, as blue color was highly appreciated during the middle ages.



The Green Monastery

The Green Monastery, the same St. George Cathedral was built in Chitahevi by apprentices of St. Grigol Khandzteli, Christopher and Theodore in about the IX century. Built on the right bank of the River Kura,  the monastery complex includes a single-nave church of roughtly crushed stone and a bell tower of XV-XVI century. The exact date of construction of the church  is unknown as are the names of priests who lived there, but the church resembles the construction style of of the IX century.  Monks' cells were located around the church;  some of which have survived to this day. In the XVI century, during the Shah - Tamaz invasions, the monastery was captured by the enemy and dozens of monks were wounded, tortured and killed. 
 
The riverbed flowing in the monastery is full of rocks of reddish color, which were called the "bloody stones." Pilgrims believe that the blood of monks killed in XVI century remained on these stones. It is said that these stones with traces of redness  have abnormal healing power – in winter and summer the "blood" of the stones is visible and if the faithful  do not pray, the blood is "erased." In the 1980’s of the XX century restoration works were carried out, and in 2002 there the monastery was restored.